Tuesday, February 22, 2011

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spread throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world.

The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. Most notably, average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. In the two centuries following 1800, the world's average per capita income increased over 10-fold, while the world's population increased over 6-fold.  In the words of Nobel Prize winning Robert E. Lucas, Jr., "For the first time in history, the living standards of the masses of ordinary people have begun to undergo sustained growth. ... Nothing remotely like this economic behavior has happened before."

Starting in the later part of the 18th century, there began a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labour and draft-animal–based economy towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanisation of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal.  Trade expansion was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways.

The introduction of steam power fueled primarily by coal, wider utilization of water wheels and powered machinery (mainly in textile manufacturing) underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity.  The development of all-metal machine tools in the first two decades of the 19th century facilitated the manufacture of more production machines for manufacturing in other industries. The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, eventually affecting most of the world, a process that continues as industrialization. The impact of this change on society was enormous.

The first Industrial Revolution, which began in the 18th century, merged into the Second Industrial Revolution around 1850, when technological and economic progress gained momentum with the development of steam-powered ships, railways, and later in the 19th century with the internal combustion engine and electrical power generation. The period of time covered by the Industrial Revolution varies with different historians. Eric Hobsbawm held that it 'broke out' in Britain in the 1780s and was not fully felt until the 1830s or 1840s, while T. S. Ashton held that it occurred roughly between 1760 and 1830.

Some 20th century historians such as John Clapham and Nicholas Crafts have argued that the process of economic and social change took place gradually and the term revolution is a misnomer. This is still a subject of debate among historians.  GDP per capita was broadly stable before the Industrial Revolution and the emergence of the modern capitalist economy. The Industrial Revolution began an era of per-capita economic growth in capitalist economies. Economic historians are in agreement that the onset of the Industrial Revolution is the most important event in the history of humanity since the domestication of animals and plants.

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67 comments:

Chris Whittle said...

If it wasn't for the Industrial Revolution, there would be no factories, telephones, cars, TV, radios, computers, new clothing, modern civil engineering/public utilities (different from Roman Empire), etc... Everything we own is due to the Industrial Revolution. Design-wise, the Victorian style of presentation put all economic levels at a level playing field. Everyone had a home, china, an x amount of dishes, silverware, utensils, dresses, bonnets, skirts, hats, suits, shirts, scarves, etc... Henry Ford is said to have invented the middle class by inventing the automobile.

Mauro said...

The very first self-powered road vehicles were powered by steam engines and by that definition Nicolas Joseph Cugnot of France built the first automobile in 1769 - recognized by the British Royal Automobile Club and the Automobile Club de France as being the first.

Many improvements and embellishments were made before Ford, most notably Karl Benz designed and built the world's first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine around 1885.

Ford is mainly credited for his use of assembly lines, mass production, and the beginnings of the unskilled work force we now have today. He was a firm believer in the preposterous idea that consumerism would bring peace to the world (most especially his bank account).



More info here

Mauro said...

The Industrial Revolution was a major landmark on the road toward the end of civilization. As advances in mass production and transportation progressed, the importance of local-based social structure and locally manufactured/locally purchased goods began to deteriorate. In many ways, the concept of the "human element" began to deteriorate. This prepared the world for the horrors of the World Wars, which shaped the geopolitical world as we now know it. These "advances" in technology are often mistaken for advances in civilization, when in fact they always discount the importance of humanity.

The "Information Age" and growth of the internet and Globalization for example - go hand and hand with this concept. As we now "interact" with one another globally in the virtual world, we are actually interacting less and less in the actual world. As the economy shifts further and further into a Global Economy, the world will actually be divided up further - as some countries (like the US) become de-industrialized and the work force less and less skilled.

Humanity now seems to be on the brink of the next "revolutionary age" - the Technological Revolution. Here's where the technological revolution is taking us next:

Singularity

Mike Palumbo said...

Some things I found interesting about the Industrial Revolution-
In 1888 the first Kodak camera was presented to the public which contained a 20 ft roll of paper, enough film for 100 exposures.

Minors and factory owners used children to work for them and reach into small areas that grown men could not fit into.

Before the Industrial Revolution, famine was a normal part of every generation.

I found the work of Jerry Uelsmann particularly fascinating. He used double exposure tricks and combined photos before there was computers or digital cameras, and his images look almost more amazing and convincing than what most photographers accomplish in this day and age.

Information was traveling faster than ever during the Industrial Revolution; newspapers made the world seem like a much larger and more crime filled place than it had in the past.

Admin said...
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Admin said...

The economic benefits of the Industrial Revolution came at a great cost. The exploitation of both the environment and the general population set harmful precedents that are still having an effect today.

During the Industrial Revolution, the main problems stemmed from pollution and the exploitation of the workers. Burning coal, so essential to power the steam engines that ran the inner- city factories, caused a blanket of coal fog to form over the cities. Toxic waste from mills poured into waterways, alongside domestic waste produced by an increasingly concentrated urban population. The plight of the worker was miserable; long hours, low wages, dangerous conditions, and substandard housing all combined to create a lifestyle that was unbearable. Many workers were small children, some as young as 4- 5 years old; working at least 12 and up to 19 hours a day, they were paid negligible wages and were victims of abuse and accidents. Orphaned children were virtual slaves in many factories.

In many ways, the exploitation of our environment and the American worker continues to this day. The specialized economic system the Industrial Revolution created has given rise to an increasingly industrialized society, forcing the urban worker to be dependent on the will of big business. Many workers today are employed at survival wages, creating social and economic problems that have a ripple effect on our entire society. The miserly, rich factory owner exploiting his poor workers still exists; big companies cut paychecks and scale back workforces, using the excuse that “times are tough”, while sitting on billions of dollars in revenue that could be released into the economy via fair wages. Child labor still exists in our own country, with almost 60,000 children under the age of 14 working in the U.S., often in substandard or dangerous situations. Many modern families are forced to send every member of their household to work to survive even the lowest level of poverty, endangering the education and future earning power of the youngest members of our society. These are problems that were faced by our society during the Industrial Revolution, and they are still among the largest problems our country faces today.

micah said...

when you think about it, graphic design had a lot to do with the industrial revolution. with then invention of all the new technology, advertising them was a big part of the process

Kelsey Forsberg said...

here are some things I found interesting about the Industrial Revolution:

The work ethic. The women and children worked 10 hour days while the men worked longer. This makes me realize how lucky we are generally working 8 hour work days and 40 hours a week. We seem lazy in comparison.

It was illegal in England in 1799 for 2 or more factory workers to join together and demand better working conditions or higher pay. Unlike our ability to strike or ask for better benefits etc, these workers did not have this right.

Charles Dickens sums it up: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times." Society changed from traditional to modern and complex. People had better material objects and more opportunities, but at the same time cities became over crowded and unsanitary, child labor was common, and pollution was rising.

Many things were now becoming more available to citizens. Such as: clothing, shelter, health care, educational opportunities and better wages. High priced products were lessened in price and available to lower class people.

Houses, factories, and shelters were becoming overly crowded. And If people had no housing they would stay in Lodging houses with other workers. Tuberculosis and Cholera were rampant because of these dense populations.

Anonymous said...

Insightful comments for those in class who participated. MN

Maxwell Brown said...

The Industrial Revolution was just that- a revolution in industry. What defines a new revolution is a change of order- changing the way things are done. This revolution was no different.

Among the many things that changed with the uprising of industry were the way things were made. Things that we've had for thousands of years such as paper were innovated in ways that would make them more easily produced. For the first time, paper could be made by the thousands. New methods came around for producing glass that made it easier to shape and mold that allowed for its mass production.

It became standard for factories to have machines that eliminated parts of the human ability to make mistakes. Such mistakes were now more significant due to the humans that were making them- children. These kids could easily lose limbs and be cast aside without pay as they were easy to replace. Perhaps the most important thing that the Industrial Revolution gave our modern industry are the many labor laws that are now in effect. Child Labor Laws. Workman's Compensation Laws.

deanna.marie said...

1.There was a ridiculous amount of child labor. Some were orphans, but some were just from poor families.
2.The Industrial Revolution was from 1750-1850.
3.During the Industrial Revolution, new fonts came about like Egyptian and sans serif, and there were also resurgences of traditional typefaces.
4.The Cotton Gin was invented during the Industrial Revolution.
5.The Arts & Crafts movement was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, going against it.

love12jenna said...

I'm learning about this in school right now, the Industrial Revolution (Back then) was good AND bad. The lint in the air made it hard to breathe in and they get paid, do they don't have to starve to death. I would be a farmer instead of a factory worker.

love12jenna said...

I'm learning about the Industrial Revolution in school. Back then the Industrial Revolution was good and bad. The lint in the air was so unhealthy to breathe it in, and you can actually get paid money to buy food and stuff.

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Unknown said...

The Industrial Revolution is arguably the most positive and most negative development in human history. Discuss.

Unknown said...

The Industrial Revolution allowed groups all around the world to make improvements in most of the techniques that provided individuals with income. Not only did the improvements advance our ways of producing and manufacturing goods. But they provided us with products that changed how we function each day.
We use items like phones, TVs, radio and much more without even thinking about it. The production of all these goods were made possible by the Industrial Revolution and changed our lives for the better.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution has is pros and cons but I think overall it was a huge advance in the way we live our lives. If you think about it, without this revolution, we probably wouldn’t have half the things we have today. Or it would just take a lot more time. With technology still growing and people finding new and greener ways to further develop the world, we could see so much more growth.

Anonymous said...

If not for the Industrial Revolution we would not have as many technologies that we have today. The Revolution made manufacturing goods a lot easier. It now requires a lot less human labor because now we just use new technology. The products that were made are now used in our everyday lives. We use many new technologies and we don’t even realize it because they are so common.

Caitlin said...

The industrial Revolution is very important and a large impact all around the globe. The new technologies and advancements improved ways of producing and manufacturing different goods. The industrial Revolution also provided people with more income and ways of making money. Without the industrial revolution life would not be the same.

Nicholas Yokaitis said...

The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point for the world. During this period, so many new technological advances were made, such as the steam engine, more use of water wheels, powered machinery and many more contributed massively to the efficiency and better production of goods. This allowed for more things to be produced much faster, which allowed countries to support a much higher population. So as a result of this, the worlds population increased 6 fold. Without the industrial revolution, the rapid growth of many countries and the world in general would not have occurred, which would have changed the world as we know it drastically.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution was an important factor of world history as it enhanced and changed technology and many other things. It was a period from the 18-19 centuries where changes happened in agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and technology which was carried into by future generations. The Industrial Revolution started with mechanization of the textile industries to steam boats and other forms of transportation to now current days with phones. The Industrial Revolution is still happening to this day with enhancements to many pieces of technology most well known, the phone. Phones are both a positive and negative invention. They give us a way to communicate to people far and near. But downside is, it makes people so addicted that they just forget about everyday things because they are sucked into the internet. The Industrial Revolution as a whole is both positive and negative but may have more pros as it was a gateway to modern day technologies.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution was a major part of American history and even global history. Throughout the years of the revolution, many key things happened all over the world, new technologies and industrial advancements helped improve the manufacturing and producing of many different goods. On top of that, there was a increase in income for the working class, and manufactured items became easier to make. The industrial revolution impacted "normal' people in a very big way as the "average per capita increased over 10-fold."

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution had a major impact in the history of the United States. The Industrial Revolution brought about sweeping changes in economic and social organization. This was a major turning point in the industrial revolution. New technologies were discovered and new industrial advancements were brought in. There was less poverty too because more jobs opened up for working on the industrial and manufacturing through cities.

Ria Thomas said...

The Industrial Revolution was a significant era in history that produced long lasting impacts and brought change to the lifestyle of many. The Industrial Revolution was broken into two parts, the first and second revolution, each contributing important technological and economic progress. The economy turned into a more manufacturing/industry economy, utilized more machinery along with new technologies and became greater industry as well as products based. Therefore, many people moved from rural areas to urban areas to work jobs in cities and accordingly the population grew dramatically. Moreover, the Industrial Revolution brought positive changes such as the per capita income increasing, further efficient methods, and an increased quantity of job opportunities. However, some negative effects inculde increase of pollution and child labor.

Anonymous said...

The industrial Revolution has shaped our country into what it is today. While there are both pros and cons to the Industrial Revolution, the pros outweigh the cons. One of the most noticeable impacts that came out of the industrial revolution was the average wage people were being paid. The average income increased dramatically, helping more people develop and support their families. Trade between countries increased, which led to improvements in transportation such as railways and roads. Also the invention of metal machinery, made life easier for those working in factories.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution as a whole was a positive thing in history. Most things that we enjoy and see as necessities now were either invented during the Revolution or are influenced by it. Steam engines, water wheels, and powered machines were the basis of a functioning environment and economy at the time, yet still influenced and evolved into the technology we use today in modern society. Although there are positives, The Industrial Revolution did have downfalls. The increased labor in factories resulted in a large increase of pollution. The labor demand in these factories as well caused things like child labor.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution brought about social and economic changes that greatly affected the world. It created many more jobs, and brought new technologies and machinery that helped society in many ways. These technologies made it possible to produce goods and services at much higher rates than before, and made peoples’ jobs easier and more efficient. Many technologies that were created during the Industrial Revolution are still being further improved on today. Some of these technologies, such as phones or communication devices that have been largely developed over the decades, have changed peoples’ lives negatively due to the addictive nature that some people develop. The Industrial Revolution was able to help countries thrive economically, and get people in the workforce. A negative impact that was part of the Industrial Revolution was people getting long-lasting sicknesses due to working in a very industrial environment.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution was hands-down one of the most important things to happen to the world, if not, the most important. The industrial revolution changed the work force forever. Before the industrial revolution, animals and people controlled of jobs. You had to make everything by yourself with the raw materials, no workshops to produce it. But this changed when the revolution came around. Machines were the new norm for the work force. This made producing products so much easier to do and it made it easier for people. It also made it so that there was way more jobs,It just made life easier. Overall it was a very important thing to happen.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution was a huge impact and left a huge mark on the world. The industrial revolution has made an impact to everyday life. In some way, shape or form, how you live your life today may have been impacted by the industrial revolution. This important revolution created the use of factories, electronics (computers, TV’s, telephones etc), and modernized utilities that were unique and innovative. These creations were made by not only adults but children as well. During this time period, children were able to work in factories to help reach into areas that were unreachable to adults. Since the revolution sped up the process of communication around neighborhoods, newspapers got out very much faster than usual so citizens always had communication with the bigger systems. Also famine decreased tremendously. Prior to the revolution, famine was a very common thing and almost everyone had experienced it. After the revolution, famine was declining and people were getting jobs.

Anonymous said...

Overall, the Industrial revolution was both good and bad, but however you look at it, it is one of the most important periods of time in history. The Industrial Revolution was the start of a major turning point in history. Almost every part of life has changed in some way. Modes of transportation improved which made it possible to live in suburbs further away from the city and still have an easy commute to work. However, pollution increased dramatically due to the high use of coal and gas. No matter if you feel that the Industrial Revolution was for better or worse, you must acknowledge that it will go down as one of the most important periods of time in history.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution has achieved what its title implies - it has revolutionized the world and the way that technology works. Introducing impactful innovations such as powering many things by steam, coal, water wheels, machinery, etc, this period of time introduced a lot of jobs and released a plethora of new "items". Although significant to the way the world works, this time period also had its negative effects. By introducing multiple forms of transportation such as ships, railways, and other transportation methods that use steam-power or electrical power, the environment's quality began to decrease. The revolution had overall allowed many to get jobs but it also, unfortunately, had an abundance of child laborers. Despite having its multiple many negatives, the Industrial Revolution revealed new ways of life and introduced technology that would modernize the world quickly, evolving economics and boosting economic growth although it had some hurtful aftermath.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution changed the world massively. During this time there were many new advancements. There were many pros and cons to the industrial revolution however it made a huge impact on many countries and parts of the world. These new advancements created during this time period helped to produce many things faster and efficiently. The new machinery also increased the population making countries grow. There were products being produced at a quicker rate so there were many things available to more people. More people were also offered more jobs and the new advancements made that possible. The Industrial Revolution does have its positives however it did have some negatives such as increased pollution. The industrial revolution definitely made lives much easier and changed the world into what it is today.

maryellen Steiner said...

The industrial revolution was one of the most impactful eras in the United States. The revolution created long lasting positive changes in economic and technological ways for many. New machinery and tools helped produce greater amounts and quality of products. These products helped the economy raise and started opening up job opportunities, creating a decrease in rural populations and an increase in urban ones. However these improvements also have lead to large amounts of pollution in our air and water. Child labor also increased as some were still left in poverty. Overall the industrial revolution had a huge impact positively influencing in the economy and advancements in technology.

Kate loehner said...

The industrial Revolution was the biggest era of the United States, and undoubtedly the most important. It was responsible for the new advancements that added to to growth of America. It had a lot of productive capabilities such as introduction of steam power, the development of all metal machines and the improvement of trade.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution became a major turning point for the world. During this period, many new technological advances were made, such as the steam engine, more use of water wheels, powered machinery and many more contributed massively to the better and more efficient production of goods. This allowed for more things to be produced much faster, which allowed countries to help a much higher population. Since product production was more efficient, it allowed the average income of these products to increase dramatically, allowing it to support more people and develop support for their families. Trade between countries also increased, which led to the improvements in transportation such as roads and railways.

Nicholas Morgan said...

The industrial Revolution was a big turning point in US history. It had made many new machines for workers as well as advanced techniques to create different sort of machines that they made. It also helped America grow a lot economically, such as the better technology which would produce products much more quickly than usual, which would lead to more money being made. This also helped the job opportunities increase because of the many machines and since they wanted to produce things much quicker, they would need more people to do the labor. But on a downside many bad things happens such as poverty and there was a lot of gas in the air which made it hard to breathe. The industrial Revolution was one of the most impactful points in America’s History mostly affected it every positively.

Unknown said...

The Industrial Revolution was an important and very impactful turning point for the world as a whole. Around this industrial century, many brand new technologies and machines were made to improve business, living, and convenience. Machines like water wheels and the steam engine gave power to heavy duty machinery that could do so much more than the average labor worker. This also contributed a great amount to better the production of products sold. This made it easier for more products to be made way quicker than before. This made it easier for products to spread quicker and also allowed countries to have the ability to support higher populations than their own. The result of the Industrial Revolution didn’t just effect machinery and industry, it very forcibly impacted the population. The worlds population increased six fold. The Industrial Revolution caused a dramatic growth of countries and society, without it, who knows? Maybe we’d probably still be riding horse and carriage to this day.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial revolution paved the way for technology today. The revolution created positive changes all over the world that would last forever and eventually be built on. The new technology during this time created way to get tasks done quicker and more efficiently, while still creating a great product. More people where offered jobs in these big factories, which had gotten some families out of poverty. Children where also offered jobs which can be a pro or con. Children where working very long ours in a toxic work zone and had a lost of childhood, but also worked and helped earn more money for their family. Steam engines/power created a new pathway in trade, it allowed countries to trade faster which helped with fresh produce. Overall with out the industrial revolution the growth of many countries wouldn’t have existed and the technology we have today wouldn’t have existed.

Rafael S. said...

The Industrial Revolution was have very important turning point for the world starting in the United Kingdom and then diffusing around the world. The Industrial Revolution caused the world to go through “sustained growth” which had never happened before. It had started in the late 18th century when the United Kingdom had started to produce iron making techniques and an increased use of coal. Trading also advanced with the introduction of canals, roads, and railways. Steam power and the wider utilization of water started to expand and by the first 20 years of the 19th century there was a development of all medal machine tools. It then started to spread to Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, then around the world. Many historians say the Industrial Revolution started at different times, but most economic historians say the Industrial Revolution was the most important event in history since the domestication of animals and plants.

Kelsey Morrison said...

The Industrial Revolution was probably the biggest movement to happen within the United States. The era reached and changed almost everyone’s lives, in a very positive way. Between the average per capita income greatly increasing, modernized machinery, and the beginning of the use of steam power, the United States was able to improve as a whole because of the Industrial Revolution. The items we commonly use in everyday life were all created due to the Industrial Revolution. The use of steam power was able to improve transportation, so without the Industrial Revolution most of the vehicles we see everyday would not exist.

Nick Frey said...

The industrialization revolution was one of the biggest and most important movement to happen. Without it, things like New technology such as radios, television and other things would never of happened and although they have been modified to be made better today, the idea came in the industrialization revolution. Also, things like assembly lines made a big impact then and now. If it were not for assembly lines, it would take months for coarse to be built, instead with assembly lines it only take 30 minutes. The assembly lines are used today not only for making technology, the idea carried on to fast food and other uses. One of the biggest pros to the industrialization revolution is the job opportunities So many more jobs were now available due to assembly lines needing a mass amount of workers leaving so many more families to not live in poverty anymore. Overall the industrialization revolution was one of the biggest movements to happen in America.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution sparked new inventions that have dramatically changed our lives today. The revolution came to America in the early 19th century. It brought sufficient change in our process to create products. For example, the new assembly line helped decrease the amount of time required to produce a product. However, this also required a lot of labor. The working conditions at industrial jobs was dangerous. There was no safety for the workers. The industrial revolution also increased all types of pollution. We used gas and other fossil fuels to help keep the industrial machines running. This new change allowed America’s economy to boom. It allowed America to create new infrastructure and evolve its way of life. The industrial revolution is the reason why there are so many different technologies today. It sparked the idea of innovation. Without the Industrial revolution, America or the world would not nearly be the same today.

Skyla A said...

The industrial revolution is a big and critical party of our history, without it the world wouldn’t be are advanced as today. The industrial revolution has brought us machinery that made our lives easier, less labor and more production. These include food production, telephones, transportation, web, etc. in the 18th century, the first revolution started when the modification to the 18 century modern technology and how it advanced by using a source of power. By increasing the amount of energy used and obtained, it widened our abilities to make machinery to benefit humans, energy including coal and steam. Not only did the revolution benefit the advancement to where we are today with technology, but also society and the social community. Because of the new and upcoming jobs and machines that were created during the revolution, it opened up more jobs to people allowing many to work and get paid. Some of the situations of work weren’t safe, but it still provided a good outcome in thee economic part of the system. The industrial revolution, first and second, were both a big step towards how we work today, with all the advancements and technology that helps us.

Toniann Guerreiro said...

Although the Industrial Revolution definitely had its cons, I believe that overall it was a positive change that resulted in the life we know today. Beginning in the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution was a time period where major advancements were made in everything from agriculture to manufacturing to mining. The Industrial Revolution had an enormous impact on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of that time, for example, the income for the working class was increased. If the Industrial Revolution never occurred, it’s very likely that we would not have many of the goods and products we have today or it would be a much longer and strenuous process to obtain them. The Industrial Revolution created many jobs and the development of products was expedited, although the increased use of fossil fuels has not been healthy for our environment. Even though the Industrial Revolution had many good outcomes, it is important to learn about the bad effects too. All in all, the Industrial Revolution had many negative outcomes, but in my opinion the positive outcomes outweigh the bad ones.

Unknown said...



The industrial revolution has its positives and its negatives, but in the long run it was an improvement on technologies and leans more towards being a positive time period. The revolution made things like manufacturing goods so much quicker and easier, which also made it easier for countries to up hold larger populations. This revolution introduced things like steam power, all metal machines, and etc.. If you were to sit down and write a list of the pros and cons of this revolution it would be much easier to write down the pros and not the cons. Overall the industrial revolution left a positive impact on today’s world.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution is a critical part of U.S and world history. While it has both pros and cons, I believe it left a positive mark. It helped to develop many new machines and technology to help with manufacturing, agriculture and much more. It also had a massive impact on culture and lifestyle. In fact, many of these breakthroughs in tech from the industrial revolution are still seen to this day such as steam power and metal manufacturing machines. All in all, the revolution left a positive mark on history.

John Valentino said...

The industrial revolution was one of the most important events in human history. Starting in Britain in the 1780’s, it soon spread like wildfire across the globe and most places saw similar results. The population skyrocketed, increasing by 6 fold and the average GDP per capital increased by 10 fold. People were making more money and they could now support a growing population. During this time, there were also many breakthroughs in mechanical labor, and new machinery was invented in every industry, Steam power being the biggest one. Better iron working techniques and the use of refined coal allowed for the development of new machinery which gave a opened a lot of doors for an economy that was shifting from an agricultural, to an industrial based economy. There are parts of the industrial revolution that were good, and some that were bad, but there is no doubt that the industrial revolution left lasting impacts an the world, an impact, which we still feel today.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution was a very important time period that completely altered the lifestyle of many people around the USA. The industrial revolution changed economy into something that focused more on industrial jobs and manufacturing. The minimum wage increased and families got more income making it easier to live. In the trade aspect, metal machinery was introduced and made factory jobs much easier.

Anonymous said...


The Industrial Revolution had a major impact in world history, as the revolution caused much change. Discovering, new technologies and machinery that helped society in positive ways. Bringing an outgoing outcome to helping produce goods and services, and further advancing the quality of products. Following, the economy started to elevate, from availability of more job opportunities, which people were driven away from staying in rural areas, and there was the expansion in urban ones. Although, the era did have its downsides, there came pollution from coal and gas, and as poverty was still shown, there begun child labor, as jobs were offered to children as well, to receive more money for their family. Industrialization went though it’s tragedy, but there was greater triumph from it.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution had a huge impact on the world. It started in the 1800s and was a pivotal moment in American society. The Industrial Revolution caused major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times. It also introduced steam power fueled primarily by coal, wider utilization of water wheels and powered machinery supported the dramatic increases in production capacity. The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, eventually affecting most of the world, a process that continues as industrialization continues to thrive. The impact of this change on society was enormous. In the end they industrial revolution was a pivotal moment in history,

Anonymous said...

The usage of natural resources, meaning raw materials and fossil fuels, combined with capital and labor develops a mass production of goods. This is called Industrialization. Colonization and imperialism can bring about or delay industrialization. The industrial Revolution had a critical impact on today's industrial and economic world.

Anonymous said...

The industrial Revolution consisted of the development such as economic and technological advancements. This time period was so important because of how greatly it effected the lifestyle of society in many positive ways. Firstly, capita per household was increase by 10 time the original amount brining people who were in need of money and food out of a economic struggle. Secondly, large machinery and transportation became available through the uses of fuels such as coal and other fossil fuels. This allowed for the export and import of good much more efficiently, also making many more jobs available for the public. With all of this noted the Industrial Revolution left a very positive effect on the world.

Anthony Sartori said...

The impact of the industrial revolution can bee seen around the world in many ways, especially in the United States of America. The industrial revolution, which mostly took place throughout the 18th and 19th century, consisted of many great changes in things like technology, transportation, factory production, and the way we use natural resources. One benefit of this event was the increase in average wealth across a worldwide population, which according to the quote from the article, was possibly the biggest triumph for the global economy the world had ever seen. Another great benefit supported by this article was the many advancements made in factories, technology and transportation. According to the article, these advancements not only shaped the way for future technology and advancements, but they also brought about many of the other benefits from the industrial revolution. Overall, the industrial revolution was a “turning point” for almost the whole world that brought about many benefits that are still noticeable today.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution was one of the most impactful times in history. Changing the entire way our economy and market worked. However, it did have its pros and cons. The pros being the increase in income and the lead to our goods we have today. The industrial revolution is the reason we are able to have electronics, like phones and iPads. Even down to basics, like furniture and processed/ packaged food. But, there were downsides. There was major rise in child labor, putting many children in dangerous situations, working machines and putting themselves in harms way. Not only children, but workers in general were not in good safe environments. Making them subject to many dangers, and future health problems. The industrial revolution was an important time in history and should be remembered, by both the positive and the negative.

Anonymous said...

The period is known as the Industrial Revolution that lasted from the 18th century to and 19th century introduced technologies that created major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transportation. It influenced the daily aspects of life for most people, starting in Great Britain swapped the economy to a mechanical economy.

Anonymous said...

Advancements produced during the Industrial Revolution generated unprecedented pathways to the modernized world we live in today. This event has revolutionized the workforce, and shaped the economy into becoming dependent on industrial production. Natural resources were converted into raw materials to generate processed products, which made manufacturing an operation involving multiple steps.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution holds the biggest impact on the world. It took natural resources and raw materials, and made them better by labor. People might colonize and imperialize another place to get those resources and materials. Those products will be mass produced by using fossil fuels. Some people may see it as a positive development, such as new technology advancements, and some may see it as a negative development, such as an increase in labor and pollution.

Aimee B said...

The industrial revolution was an enormous, extremely impactful point in history. The technological advancements made during the industrial revolution caused advancements in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in the world. The most recognizable of these changes was the large boost of average income. Living conditions of many were sustainably changed for the better. In the later part of the 1800s, there was a shift from manual labor to machine-based manufacturing. This shift expanded trade which bettered the economy. Overall, the industrial revolution caused positive changes in technology, socioeconomics, and cultural conditions.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution was one of the important eras that brought many changes that we see today. Many pieces of technology were created that made many jobs and activities easier. One example is the steam engine. This made transportation much faster over water, expanding the area accessible for commerce. The result of the Industrial Revolution also played a factor in the rapid increase in population. The worlds population increased six times, because of more accessible land and things needed to live more comfortably. If the Industrial Revolution had never happened, we would likely not be close to where we are today.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution was one of if not the biggest movement to happen within the United States. It brought upon many pieces of technology that not only made life and so many jobs easier, but they are also still used to this day! Many of these technologies include the steam engine, powered machinery, and different modes of transportation were introduced. With the new transportation, people living in the suburbs were able to work in cities and commute to work. If not for the Industrial Revolution many of the things we know about today wouldn’t have been possible.

Anonymous said...

The industrial revolution was one of the most important movements to occur in the United States. The main reason why this movement was so important was that it brought things like machine manufacturing and mass production to the United States, which helped the economy grow to where it is today. Many new inventions created in this time period helped businesses grow. One major invention during this period was the automobile. Other innovations in transportation also made life easier for people. This revolution also helped many people find jobs due to the new need for work. The industrial revolution was definitely a period of growth for the United States that helped make society into what it is today.

Anonymous said...

The industrial Revolution left a large impact on the United States. The economy of agriculture made its transformation into industrial. This change had a positive effect on the country because goods were now being mass produced which also creates an increase in employment opportunities. New types of machinery and technology made it much easier and efficient to complete tasks. The industrial revolution was a huge transformation in the United States and forever had an impact on our economy and methods of production.

Conor Scott said...

The Industrial Revolution allowed the quality of life for the working class to greatly increase for the first time in human history. The Industrial Revolution was a period in which technologies from all over the world allowed products to be made and services to be delivered better and more efficiently than ever. Its advances in medical science and quality of life allowed the population to multiply sixfold. The revolution was started in Great Britain and was marked by increased use of coal, steel, and steam power. The Industrial Revolution was the greatest technological period of advancement in history, and its effects can be and will continue to be seen for centuries.

Anonymous said...

There are many topics of debate among historians, but there is one topic where there is a broad agreement, and this is in how positively the industrial revolution has impacted the history of humanity. During this period of the 18th century, human economy transition from manual labor and animal-based, to machine based manufacturing, this allowed economies around the world to boom and as a consequence all the aspects of life got improved, most notably an increase in the income per capita of the ordinary people that make their lives better, and also an increment in world population due to the wealthy environment.
We cannot ignore one of the principal factors that facilitate this phenomenon of the industrial revolution which is the blooming of new technologies, like water wheels, textile manufacturing, steam powered ships and trains etc.
The industrial revolution expanded all over the world.

Anonymous said...

The Industrial Revolution was an one important era in history. The Industrial Revolution brought machines into this world to help with mass production. Things like the type writer, the photograph, dynamite, the telegraph and many more things were made during the industrial revolution. This also helped with agriculture. The Industrial Revolution gave many new ways to farm with machines. Today we have more advanced stuff but if it wasn’t for the Industrial Revolution we wouldn’t have gotten the advanced things we have today because the Industrial Revolution started it all.

Unknown said...

The Industrial Revolution was a profoundly important era as it has left an imprint on the world as a whole. From the UK, it spread to Europe where soon enough, it had spread worldwide. It influenced all aspects of life as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had all improved changing the way people lived. This brought upon mechanisation through different industries. The technological growth also influenced economic growth worldwide as the world's average per capita income increased over 10-fold. Without the industrial revolution, the world around us would not be the same as it is today.